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  1. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease marked by structural changes in the joint. Radiological evaluation can be used to assess structural changes. Pain, inflammation, and stiffness are common clinical...

    Authors: Naylan Fayez Wahba Khalil, Sherine El-sherif, Mowaffak Moustafa Abd El Hamid, Rehab Elnemr and Raghda Saad Zaghloul Taleb
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:16
  2. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are a group of small vessel vasculitides characterized by necrotizan vasculitis and inflammation. The phenotypes of AAV include microsc...

    Authors: A. Kocaaga and M. Kocaaga
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:14
  3. Evaluation of disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is important for modulating the therapeutic plan and decreasing organ damage. Autoantibodies are important serological biomarkers i...

    Authors: Sahar Abdel-Rahman Elsayed, Heba Maher Kamaly and Mohamed Ali Esmail
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:8
  4. This study aimed to assess the association of disease activity with the presence of comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, using the Akita Orthopedic Group on Rheumatoid Arthritis (AORA) registry...

    Authors: Takanori Miura, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Takeshi Kashiwagura, Hiroyuki Tsuchie, Yusuke Sugimura and Yoichi Shimada
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:7
  5. Systemic sclerosis is a complex multi-systemic autoimmune disease with a wide range of its clinical manifestations; many systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients develop musculoskeletal manifestations during their co...

    Authors: Sally A. El-Leithy, Rasha M. Hammoda, Amal I. Othman and Nermin H. El-Gharbawy
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:13
  6. Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is a periodic auto-inflammatory disease with multiple systemic manifestations. This study aims to describe the various musculoskeletal and neurological manifestations in a co...

    Authors: Mohamed H. Ahmed, Amira M. Ibrahim, Salma M. Ragab and Ayah M. Mahros
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:6
  7. Post-coronavirus disease (COVID-19) syndrome is defined as the persistence of symptoms for more than 3 to 12 weeks after infection with the COVID-19 virus that cannot be attributed to another etiology. This st...

    Authors: Dalia Mohamed Gamal, Rehab Ali Ibrahim and Sara Farid Samaan
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:12
  8. Adenosine signaling is now an accepted explanation for the therapeutic mechanism of Methotrexate (MTX) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Adenosine receptors categorized into four subclasses: adenosine A1 receptor ...

    Authors: Nivine Fathi Darwish, Samar Abd Alhamed Tabra, Nivin Naeem Baiomy, Heba A. Mahmoud, Reham A. Mariah and Shymaa Ahmed Hablas
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:5
  9. Despite a broad spectrum of effective anti-osteoporosis therapies and a growing number of older adults worldwide, the number of people receiving appropriate secondary fracture prevention is not yet optimum or ...

    Authors: Naglaa Gadallah and Yasser El Miedany
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:11
  10. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43166-020-00041-2.

    Authors: Eman A. Baraka, Sami A. Egilla, Gamal A. Hamad, Maiada A. Khalil, Shereen H. Ahmed and Mona M. Elbehisy
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:10
  11. Sleep disturbance is closely related to inflammation and pain. Good sleep quality is essential for patients’ psychological and physical states as well as their quality of life. The aim of this study was to det...

    Authors: Rasha M. Fawzy, Samia M. Abdel-Monem, Abdel-Wahab S. El-Brashi and Asmaa A. Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:4
  12. Thrombotic consequences have been reported in COVID-19-infected patients, especially those who are critically ill. Multiple studies have tested antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) among COVID-19 patients, but t...

    Authors: Omaima Ibrahim Badr, Wael Aly Elrefaey, Mohammed Hassan Abu-Zaid and Samah Hamdy Elmedany
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:3
  13. Through the disease course, different prognostic factors have been addressed in patients with SLE admitted to intensive care unit. For instance, higher disease activity on admission, recent immunosuppressive t...

    Authors: Shimaa Mostafa Abdelwhab, Lobna Ismaeil Kotb, Ghada Sameer and Ghada Dawa
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:2
  14. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder with more than one organ involvement. Kidney is the foremost commonly affected one. Gelsolin is a protein that induces depolymerization of ac...

    Authors: Ghada M. Mosaad, Samia M. Abdel moneam, Amal F. Soliman, Seham G. Ameen and Arwa S. Amer
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2022 49:1
  15. The full etiology of RA remains unclear; in addition to the contributions of infectious, hormonal, and environmental factors, several lines of evidence have suggested that the disease has a genetic basis. The ...

    Authors: Rehab A. Sallam, Bassant S. Saad, Mona A. El Wassefy and Basma A. EL Kady
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:47
  16. The proportion of older people in the total population has increased in Turkey as well as worldwide. As life expectancy rises, the increasing prevalence of rheumatic diseases poses major problems in the elderl...

    Authors: Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu, Safinaz Ataoğlu, Burcu Avşar and Ömer Faruk Merkür
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:40
  17. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disorder, characterized by systemic inflammation and swollen joints, establishes itself as a critical threat. A pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α is a well-known driver o...

    Authors: Pulak Kanti Palit, Ashekul Islam, Md Syeed Al Habib, Abu Syed Mohammed Mujib, Joyonti Datta, Bahni Chakraborty, Suman Dhar, Dhiman Chowdhury, Md Faisal Fahad Chowdhury, Mohammad Shawkat Ali, Arfana Yesmin, Mohammod Johirul Islam, Nishat Akther, Abdullah Al Mamun, Khairul Islam and Pradip Kumar Nath
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:50
  18. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease. It is characterized by an inflammatory polyarthritis that preferentially affects the small joints leading to joint damage and eventual deformity...

    Authors: Hanaa Maher Abdeen, Ola Mohammad Gharbia, Sherine Abdel Rahman Abdel Karim Bassiouni, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Hazem Abdullah and Heba Kamal Morsi
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:39
  19. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common disabling joint disease affecting both males and females. Sexual dysfunction (SD) is a common association with RA. The aim of this work was to study the prevalence and pre...

    Authors: Mohamed Azab, Maii Abdelraheem Abdellatif and Mai Mohamed Abdelnaby
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:38
  20. Toll-like (TLRs) play a crucial role in both adaptive and innate immunity. The aim of the present study was to assess the association of TLR5-rs5744168, TLR9-rs187084, and TLR9-rs352140 single nucleotide polym...

    Authors: Ola Mohammad Gharbia, Sherine Abdel Rahman Bassiouni, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Shimaa Mohsen El-Beah, Manal Mohamed El-Desoky, Eman Adel Elmansoury and Mostafa Abdelsalam
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:49
  21. A major problem in surgery of peripheral nerve injuries of the upper extremities is the unpredictable final outcome. More insight and understanding of the proper methods of outcome assessment and the prognosti...

    Authors: Nahla Ahmed Hassan, Noha Abdelhalim Elsawy, Hesham Hussien Kotb, Mowaffak Mostafa Abd El-Hamid, Wafaa Samir El Emairy and Hassan Mahmoud Kholosy
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:48
  22. Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most prevalent severe motor disability among children. The aim of this work was to assess autonomic dysfunction in children with cerebral palsy clinically and electrophysiologically.

    Authors: Hanan G. Azouz, Ali M. AbdelMohsen, Hayam M. Abdel Ghany and Rana M. Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:45
  23. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disease of an autoimmune nature that involves all types of joints structures and manifested by chronic joints inflammations and thus their erosions and damage. Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1)...

    Authors: Dina A. Ali, Doaa Mohamed Esmail, Haidy Ali Mohammed, Reham Lotfy Yonis and Radwa Mahmoud El-Sharaby
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:42
  24. The advent of novel biologic agents for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has proven to be highly productive. Nonetheless, high cost, side effects, and unresponsiveness to these agents dictates the as...

    Authors: Rania Abd El-Hamid El-Kady, Ayah Fathy, Talaat Othman and Eman Hafez
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:46
  25. Mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) is a common underreported problem among females; it has a major effect on patients’ quality of life. Treatment may be difficult since a single modality cannot be enough to alle...

    Authors: Nehad Mohamed Elshatby, Mohamed Hassan Imam, Mohamed Shafik Shoukry, Marwa Mohamed Hassan and Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:41
  26. Chronic low-grade inflammation is a feature of chronic kidney disease associated with increased risk of multiple morbidities and mortalities. Hemodialysis (HD) patients lead a sedentary life style which may ag...

    Authors: Howaida Abdelhameed Elshinnawy, Mahmoud Mohamed Fayez, Dina Abou Bakr Farrag and Moustafa Abd Elnassier AbdElgawad
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:36
  27. In post-menopausal women, estrogen deficiency leads to instability between bone formation and resorption which is regulated by osteoclastogenic cytokines leading to resorption. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) a proinfl...

    Authors: Reem El-Mallah, Azza A. Saab and Nagwa Nassar
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:35
  28. Lower limb deformities could affect child's quality of life and may worsen with time. This work aims to study the prevalence of lower limb deformities among primary school students in our governorate.

    Authors: Sahar Saad Ganeb, Sami El-Said Egaila, Abdelmoniem Abdelfattah Younis, Asmaa Moheiy Abd El-Aziz and Nashwa Ismail Hashaad
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:34
  29. Plantar fasciitis due to calcaneal spur is a common cause of heel pain and functional disability, and its management presents a huge challenge for clinicians which results sometimes in unpleasant clinical outc...

    Authors: Soad Said El Molla, Ahmed M. Fahmy, Amr Mohamed Gamil, Rehab Ali Ibrahim and Mai Mohamed Kamel
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:43
  30. Neuropathic mechanisms are thought to play a role in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) pain. Neuropathic pain questionnaires can promote diagnosis of a neuropathic component. Thus, we aimed to assess the frequency of ...

    Authors: Shereen R. Kamel, Radwa S. Ibrahim, Hend M. Moens and Rania M. Mohammed
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:37
  31. Lateral epicondylitis is one of the commonly noticed disorders of the arm described by agony focused over lateral epicondyle which is the site of wrist extensors origin. The purpose of this work was to compare...

    Authors: Noha Hosni Ibrahim, Refaat Mostafa El Tanawy, Amal Fathy Soliman Mostafa and Mayada Fawzy Mahmoud
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:32
  32. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease which presents with joint pain and stiffness and reduced mobility. Knee OA is the commonest cause of disability in adults. Dextrose prolotherapy is a new option us...

    Authors: Rehab A. Sallam, Aya A. Abdelkhabir and Adel A. Shabana
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:30
  33. The prevalence of primary headache in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) varies widely and whether it should be attributed to neurological involvement is controversial. We aimed to investigate th...

    Authors: Gehan Elolemy, Abdulrahman Al Rashidi, Doaa Youssry, Haytham Elziat and Eman Baraka
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:31
  34. Superficial radial neuropathy is considered an uncommon cause of chronic dorsoradial wrist pain. Its clinical diagnosis is usually missed. The purpose of the research was to investigate the existence of superf...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:29

    The Correction to this article has been published in Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:44

  35. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an autoimmune multisystemic disease that attacks the spine, sacroiliacs, and often causes asymmetrical peripheral oligoarthritis. It results from the interaction between the gene...

    Authors: Hanan M. Farouk, Maryam A. Abdel-Rahman and Rasha Mohamad Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:26
  36. Hemodialysis (HD) patients suffer from musculoskeletal disorders. The most reported musculoskeletal problem is arthralgia. Hip arthralgia has been commonly reported in patients undergoing HD. Hip pain can lead...

    Authors: Hüma Bölük Şenlikci, Sevgi İkbali Afşar, Selin Özen and Cihat Burak Sayın
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:27
  37. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most prevalent pediatric rheumatic disorder. Progress in modalities of therapy improves the disease outcome. We aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of tocilizu...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Muzaffer and Abobakr A. Abdelgalil
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:25
  38. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common joint disorder in elderly individuals, causing pain, loss of physical functioning, disability, and reduction of life quality. Home exercise programs (HEP) serve as a cruci...

    Authors: Wafaa K. Makarm, Doaa M. Sharaf and Rabab S. Zaghlol
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:28
  39. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as a patient reported outcome plays important roles in the life of patients with RA (rheumatoid arthritis) and SLE (Systemic lupus erythematosus) as well as their familie...

    Authors: Basant Elnady, Azza Taha, Dalia E. Desouky, Shorouk F. Abd-Elmakoud, Elsayed M. Rageh, Abdulmajeed M. Algethami, Mohamed Algethami, Peter M. ten Klooster and Johannes J. Rasker
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:23
  40. Chronic kidney disease increases the risk of fractures and altered bone and mineral metabolism. Exercise training could be a non-pharmacological therapeutic intervention. The aim of this work is to evaluate th...

    Authors: Howaida Abdelhameed Elshinnawy, Ahmed Mohamed Bakr Bakr Mohamed, Dina Abou Bakr Farrag and Moustafa Abd Elnassier AbdElgawad
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:24
  41. Adrenomedullin (AM) is a peptide which was suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis through its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effect. AM was found to be elevated in some inflammato...

    Authors: Mervat I. Abd Elazeem, Aya B. S. Ahmed, Rabab A. Mohamed and Enas A. Abdelaleem
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:22
  42. Stroke patients often present with upper limb spasticity which impairs the functional status of patients. Recently, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is reported to be a safe, non-invasive, alternative ...

    Authors: Samar Abd Alhamed Tabra, Mohammad Ibrahim Zaghloul and Doaa Shawky Alashkar
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:21
  43. Osteoporosis is a major health problem of elders. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is the commonly used modality for diagnosis osteoporosis; serum markers have been suggested for predicting osteoporosis and di...

    Authors: Marwa A. Saad, Reham A. Aboelwafa and Eman H. Elsayed
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:20
  44. One of the most important and dangerous complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is bone loss, which manifested by erosions and juxta-articular or systemic bone loss. Anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) an...

    Authors: Manal Shawky Hussein, Rasha Ahmed Gaber, Hala Mostafa Elsabagh and Elsayed Mohamed Rageh
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:18
  45. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Yasser A. Soliman, Nashwa I. Hashaad, Shuzan A. Mohammed and Hala A. El-Nouty
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:19

    The original article was published in Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44:Art7

  46. This study aimed to measure the serum and synovial interleukin (IL)-37 levels in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients compared to patients with primary knee osteoarthritis (PKOA) and healthy controls and to dete...

    Authors: Eman A. Baraka, Mona G. Balata, Shereen H. Ahmed, Afaf F. Khamis and Enas A. Elattar
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:16
  47. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Noha M. Abdel Baki, Abeer Mohamed Ahmed Zahran, Abeir Osman Dabbous, Rabab Ahmed Koura and Mona Mohamed Hamdy
    Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:17

    The original article was published in Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2021 48:3

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